Used To + Infinitive| Be Used To| And Would + Infinitive

When you want to talk about your habits in the past which you don’t do in the present , you can use the expres­sion “used to + infini­tive”. You can also use “would + infini­tive” to talk about your habits or your repeat actions in the past. But there is a dif­fer­ence between them.

We can also use “used to + infini­tive” to talk about states in the past which are no longer true but we don’t use “would + infini­tive” to talk about it. In gen­er­al , we usu­al­ly use “would + infini­tive” to talk about our habits in the past when we’re telling sto­ry about the past. So we don’t use it to talk about states in the past with­out time infor­ma­tion.

Bacaan Lain­nya

Used to + Infinitive

(+) S + (used to + infini­tive) + o.c
(-) S + did­n’t + (use to + infini­tive) + o.c
(?) Did + S + (use to + infini­tive) + o.c ?

Exam­ple :

  1. (+) She used to wake up ear­ly. (but now she does­n’t wake up ear­ly)
    (-) She did­n’t use to wake up ear­ly.
    (?) Did she use to wake up ear­ly?
  2. (+) He used to eat cere­al for break­fast.
    (-) He did­n’t use to eat cere­al for break­fast.
    (?) Did he use to eat cere­al for break­fast?
  3. (+) Your broth­er used to go to the movies.
    (-) Your broth­er did­n’t use to go to the movies.
    (?) Did your broth­er use to go to the movies?
  4. (+) My moth­er used to have long hair.
    (-) My moth­er did­n’t use to have long hair.
    (?) Did my moth­er use to have long hair?
  5. (+) I used to see my grand­moth­er on mon­day.
    (-) I did­n’t use to see my grand­moth­er on mon­day.
    (?) Did I use to see my grand­moth­er on mon­day?

Note :
In neg­a­tive and inter­rog­a­tive sen­tences , we use “use to” not “used to”.

Be Used to + Verb-ing

(+) S + (be used to + verb-ing) + o.c
(-) S + be + not + (used to + verb-ing) + o.c
(?) Be + S + (used to + verb-ing) + o.c ?

We use it to talk about things that we are accus­tomed to.
Exam­ple :

  1. (+) I am used to going to my school on foot , it is not too far for me.
    (-) I am not used to going to my school on foot , it is too far for me.
    (?) Are you used to going to your school on foot?
  2. (+) He is used to sleep­ing late at night , so he does­n’t mind doing it.
    (-) He isn’t used to sleep­ing late at night , so he gets hard doing it.
    (?) Is he used to sleep­ing late at night?
Note :
In neg­a­tive an inter­rog­a­tive sen­tences , “Be Used to” does­n’t change.

Would + Infinitive

(+) S + (would + infini­tive) + o.c
(-) S + (would­n’t + infini­tive) + o.c
(?) Would + S +  infini­tive + o.c ?

Exam­ple :

  1. (+) When he was a stu­dent , he would go to library on fri­day.
    (-) When he was a stu­dent , he would­n’t go to library on fri­day.
    (?) When he was a stu­dent , Would he go to library on fri­day?
  2. (+) When my broth­er lived in Jakar­ta , he would send me a book twice a month.
    (-) When my broth­er lived in Jakar­ta , he would­n’t send me a book twice a month.
    (?) Would He send me a book twice a month?

Note :
We don’t use would + infinitve to talk about states in the past , like :
They would live in Medan.
I would have long hair.
She would get a flat nose.

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