Affirmative And Negative Questions In Past Tense

Affir­ma­tive ques­tion is a com­mon­ly used ques­tion form to ask peo­ple about some­thing they do or not. We usu­al­ly change a pos­i­tive sen­tence to affir­ma­tive ques­tion. The affir­ma­tive ques­tion is called pos­i­tive inter­rog­a­tive. And the oppo­site , the neg­a­tive inter­rog­a­tive is called neg­a­tive ques­tion.

Some­times we use the neg­a­tive ques­tion to make sure about some­thing when we think the affir­ma­tive one does­n’t work. When we say “yes” to answer the affir­ma­tive ques­tion , then it shows that we do some­thing they think. The answer will be a pos­i­tive sen­tence.

Bacaan Lain­nya

But when we say “yes” to answer the neg­a­tive ques­tions , then it shows that we did­n’t do some­thing they think. The answer will be the neg­a­tive sen­tence.

Simple Past Tense 

(+) S + V-2 + o.c
(-) S + did­n’t + V-1 + o.c
(?) Did + S + V-1 + o.c ?
(-?) Did­n’t + S + V‑1 + o.c ?
(?-) Did + S + not + V‑1 + o.c ?

Forming Affirmative and Negative Questions

Basi­cal­ly , form­ing a ques­tions in Eng­lish is not so dif­fi­cult if we under­stand the rules. To change a pos­i­tive sen­tence to inter­rog­a­tive sen­tence , we must rec­og­nize the aux­i­lary verbs (verbs) that take a part in the change of sen­tence’s struc­ture. 
Exam­ple :
  1. (+) She went to see her doc­tor last week.
    (-) She did­n’t go to see her doc­tor last week.
    (?) Did she go to see her doc­tor last week?
    (-?) Did­n’t she go to see her doc­tor last week?
    (?-) Did she not go to see her doc­tor last week?
  2. (+) The doc­tor pre­scribed med­i­cine for you.
    (-) The doc­tor did­n’t pre­scribe med­i­cine for you.
    (?) Did doc­tor pre­scribe med­i­cine for you?
    (-?) Did­n’t doc­tor pre­scribe med­i­cine for you?
    (?-) Did doc­tor not pre­scribe med­i­cine for you?
  3. (+) My Father stopped smok­ing last week.
    (-) My father did­nt stop smok­ing last week.
    (?) Did my father stop smok­ing last week?
    (-?) Did­n’t my father stop smok­ing last week?
    (?-) Did my father not stop smok­ing last week?
  4. (+) She stud­ied Eng­lish last night.
    (-) She did­in’t study Eng­lish last night.
    (?) Did she study Eng­lish last night?
    (-?) Did­n’t she study Eng­lish last night?
    (?-) Did she not study Eng­lish last night?
  5. My fam­i­ly called the police a few min­utes ago.
    (-) My fam­i­ly did­n’t call the police a few min­utes ago.
    (?) Did my fam­i­ly call the police a few min­utes ago?
    (-?) Did­n’t my fam­i­ly call the police a few min­utes ago?
    (?-) Did my fam­i­ly not call the police a few min­utes ago?
  6. (+) My moth­er told me a sto­ry about you last night.
    (-) My moth­er did­n’t tell me a sto­ry about you last night.
    (?) Did my moth­er tell me a sto­ry about you last night?
    (-?) Did­n’t my moth­er tell me a sto­ry about you last night?
    (?-) Did my moth­er not tell me a sto­ry about you last night?
  7. (+) I tried to call you last night but the line was busy.
    (-) I did­n’t try to call you last night.
    (?) Did I try to call you last night.
    (-?) Did­n’t I try to call you last night?
    (?-) Did I not try to call you last night?
  8. (+) The phone rang at about nine o’clock yes­ter­day.
    (-) The phone did­n’t ring at about nine o’clock yes­ter­day.
    (?) Did phone ring at about nine o’clock yes­ter­day?
    (-?) Did­n’t the phone ring at about nine o’clock yes­ter­day?
    (?-) Did the phone not ring at about nine o’clock yes­ter­day?
  9. (+) They want­ed to go to Bali last hol­l­i­day.
    (-) They did­n’t want to go to Bali last hol­i­day.
    (?) Did they want to go to Bali last hol­i­day?
    (-?) Did­n’t they want to go to Bali last hol­i­day?
    (?-) Did they not want to go to Bali last hol­i­day?
  10. (+) My moth­er washed my shirt yes­ter­day.
    (-) My moth­er did­n’t wash my shirt yes­ter­day.
    (?) Did My moth­er wash my shirt yes­ter­day?
    (-?) Did­n’t My moth­er wash my shirt yes­ter­day?
    (?-) Did My moth­er not wash my shirt yes­ter­day?
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